Acamarachi (also known as Pili) is a 6,046-metre (19,836 ft) high volcano in northern Chile. In this part of Chile, it is the highest volcano. Its name means "black moon". It is a volcano in the Central Volcanic Zone of the Andes, a zone of strong volcanic activity during the last million years. Old volcanoes in the area are well-preserved, due to the dry climate.
Acamarachi itself is a cone-shaped volcano with steep upper flanks and a lava dome on its northern side. While there is no indication of historical activity and the flank lava flows are old, some lava flows around the summit crater and a lava coulee north of Acamarachi on the saddle between Acamarachi and Colachi volcano may be postglacial in age. Acamarachi is formed by andesitic and dacitic rocks.
Acamarachi features an Inca mountain sanctuary on which several figurines have been found. One female figurine is made out of silver, a male one is made out of thorny oyster. Both of these figurines were found with miniature clothing.
By elevation Acamarachi (Pili) is
# 6 out of 410 in Provincia de El Loa # 38 out of 10580 in Chile # 8 out of 973 in Región de Antofagasta # 75 out of 16361 in the Andes (Chile, Argentina)
By prominence Acamarachi (Pili) is
# 7 out of 410 in Provincia de El Loa # 51 out of 10580 in Chile # 9 out of 973 in Región de Antofagasta # 81 out of 16361 in the Andes (Chile, Argentina)
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