Cayambe (or Volcán Cayambe) is the name of a volcano located in the Cordillera Central, a range of the Ecuadorian Andes. It is located in Pichincha province some 70 km (43 mi) northeast of Quito. It is the third highest mountain in Ecuador.
Cayambe, which has a permanent snow cap, is a Holocene compound volcano which last erupted in March 1786. At 4,690 metres (15,387 ft) on its south slope is the highest point in the world crossed by the Equator and the only point on the Equator with snow cover. The volcano and most of its slopes are within the Cayambe Coca Ecological Reserve.
Cayambe was first climbed by British adventurer Edward Whymper and his two Italian guides and companions Juan Antonio and Luis Carrel in 1880, and it is a favourite of mountain climbers today.
There's a demanding alpine trail (T5) leading to the summit. Cayambe is one of the 1 peaks along the Vía normal.
By elevation Cayambe is
# 5 out of 1297 in Ecuador # 1 out of 16 in Cayambe # 2 out of 188 in Pichincha # 1 out of 17 in Reserva Ecológica Cayambe-Coca # 5 out of 1258 in America/Guayaquil Time Zone (Ecuador mainland)
By prominence Cayambe is
# 3 out of 1297 in Ecuador # 1 out of 16 in Cayambe # 2 out of 188 in Pichincha # 1 out of 17 in Reserva Ecológica Cayambe-Coca # 3 out of 1258 in America/Guayaquil Time Zone (Ecuador mainland) # 19 out of 39148 in the Andes (Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela)
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