Richland Balsam is a mountain in the Great Balsam Mountains in the U.S. state of North Carolina. Rising to an elevation of 6,410 feet (1,950 m), it is the highest mountain in the Great Balsam range and is among the 20 highest summits in the Appalachian range. The Blue Ridge Parkway reaches an elevation of 6,053 feet (1,845 m)— the parkway's highest point— as it passes over Richland Balsam's southwestern slope. The Jackson County-Haywood County line crosses the mountain's summit.
Richland Balsam's upper elevations (above approximately 5,500 feet) support part of one of just ten stands of Southern Appalachian spruce-fir forest. This forest type consists of two dominant tree types— the red spruce and the Fraser fir— commonly called the "he-balsam" and "she-balsam" respectively, although the latter has been decimated in recent decades by the balsam woolly adelgid infestation. Spruce-fir forests are found in the highest elevations of Southern Appalachia due their ability to survive in climates that are too cold and harsh for the hardwood forests which dominate lower elevations. Southern spruce-fir ecosystems resemble ecosystems more commonly found in the northern United States and Canada than in the Southeastern United States.
The eastern half of Richland Balsam is protected by the Pisgah National Forest, and most of the western half is protected by the Nantahala National Forest (the exception being the Blue Ridge Parkway corridor, which is maintained by the National Park Service). There is a parking lot and overlook atop Richland Balsam marking the parkway's highest point. A short interpretive trail connects the parking lot with the summit.
There's a trail called Richland Balsam Nature Trail leading to the summit.
By elevation Richland Balsam is
# 1 out of 315 in the Great Balsam Mountains # 1 out of 170 in Blue Ridge Parkway # 17 out of 3424 in North Carolina # 2 out of 270 in Haywood County # 1 out of 272 in Jackson County # 8 out of 497 in Pisgah National Forest # 1 out of 11 in Middle Prong Wilderness # 21 out of 39823 in the Appalachian Mountains # 21 out of 6326 in the Blue Ridge Mountains
By prominence Richland Balsam is
# 1 out of 315 in the Great Balsam Mountains # 1 out of 170 in Blue Ridge Parkway # 5 out of 3424 in North Carolina # 1 out of 270 in Haywood County # 1 out of 272 in Jackson County # 2 out of 497 in Pisgah National Forest # 1 out of 11 in Middle Prong Wilderness # 13 out of 39823 in the Appalachian Mountains # 5 out of 6326 in the Blue Ridge Mountains
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