Piz Bernina or Pizzo Bernina (Italian pronunciation: [/ˈpit.tso/ ˈbɛrniːna]) is the highest mountain in the Eastern Alps, the highest point of the Bernina Range, and the highest peak in the Rhaetian Alps. It rises 4,048.6 m (13,283 ft) and is located south of Pontresina and near the major Alpine resort of St. Moritz, in the Engadin valley with the massif partially in Italy. It is also the most easterly mountain higher than 4,000 m (13,000 ft) in the Alps, the highest point of the Swiss canton of Graubünden, and the fifth-most prominent peak in the Alps. The minor summit (4,020 m (13,190 ft)) known as La Spedla is the highest point in the Italian Lombardy region.
The mountain was named after the Bernina Pass in 1850 by Johann Coaz, who also made the first ascent. The prefix Piz comes from the Romansch language in Graubünden; any mountain with that name can be readily identified as being located in southeastern Switzerland.
There's a difficult alpine trail (T6) called Pizzo Bernina - Via Normale leading to the summit.
The nearest mountain hut is Rifugio Marco e Rosa located 1 000m/3 282ft SSE of the summit.
By elevation Piz Bernina is
# 1 out of 2797 in the Western Rhaetian Alps # 1 out of 2367 in Grisons # 1 out of 419 in Maloja # 55 out of 42694 in Italy # 1 out of 3401 in Lombardy # 1 out of 973 in Sondrio # 59 out of 10817 in Switzerland # 1 out of 221 in the Bernina Range
By prominence Piz Bernina is
# 1 out of 2797 in the Western Rhaetian Alps # 5 out of 60693 in the Alps # 1 out of 2367 in Grisons # 1 out of 419 in Maloja # 4 out of 42694 in Italy # 1 out of 3401 in Lombardy # 1 out of 973 in Sondrio # 2 out of 10817 in Switzerland # 1 out of 221 in the Bernina Range
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