Cross Fell is the highest mountain in the Pennine Hills of Northern England and the highest point in England outside the Lake District. It is located in the North Pennines Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
The summit, at 2,930 feet (893 m), is a stony plateau, part of a 7.8-mile-long (12.6-kilometre-long) ridge running north-west to south-east, which also incorporates Little Dun Fell at 2,762 feet (842 m) and Great Dun Fell at 2,785 feet (849 m). The three adjoining fells form an escarpment that rises steeply above the Eden Valley on its south-western side and drops off more gently on its north-eastern side towards the South Tyne and Tees Valleys.
Cross Fell summit is crowned by a cross-shaped dry-stone shelter which has been damaged over the years by snow and ice. On a clear day there are excellent views from the summit across the Eden Valley to the mountains of the Lake District. On the northern side of Cross Fell there are also fine views across the Solway Firth to the Southern Uplands of Scotland.
The fell is prone to dense hill fog and fierce winds. A shrieking noise induced by the Helm Wind is a characteristic of the locality. It can be an inhospitable place for much of the year. In ancient times it was known as "Fiends Fell" and believed to be the haunt of evil spirits. St Augustine is said to have blessed the hill when he arrived here on his travels so it became known as Cross Fell in the Christian tradition, although it has been speculated that the fell became known as Cross Fell ("cross" meaning "angry") because of the evil spirits.
There's a trail leading to the summit. Cross Fell is one of the 51 peaks along the multi-day Pennine Way.
The nearest mountain hut is Greg's Hut Bothy located 1 105m/3 625ft NNE of the summit.
By elevation Cross Fell is
# 14 out of 12948 in the England Hills # 14 out of 13057 in England # 1 out of 578 in North Pennines AONB # 14 out of 1704 in Cumbria
By prominence Cross Fell is
# 4 out of 12948 in the England Hills # 4 out of 13057 in England # 69 out of 34760 in United Kingdom # 1 out of 578 in North Pennines AONB # 4 out of 1704 in Cumbria
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