Licancabur is a stratovolcano on the border between Bolivia and Chile, south of the Sairecabur volcano and west of Juriques. Part of the Andean Central Volcanic Zone, it has a prominent, 5,916-metre (19,409 ft)-high cone. A 400-metre (1,300 ft) summit crater containing Licancabur Lake, a crater lake which is among the highest lakes in the world, caps the volcano. Three stages of lava flow emanate from the volcano, which formed on Pleistocene ignimbrites.
Licancabur has been active during the Holocene, after the ice ages. Although no historic eruptions of the volcano are known, lava flows extending into Laguna Verde have been dated to 13,240 ± 100 BP. The volcano has primarily erupted andesite, with small amounts of dacite and basaltic andesite.
Its climate is cold, dry and very sunny, with high levels of ultraviolet radiation. Licancabur is not covered by glaciers, and vegetation such as cushion plants and shrubs are found lower on its slopes. Chinchillas were formerly hunted on the volcano.
Licancabur is considered a holy mountain by the Atacameno people, related to the Cerro Quimal hill in northern Chile. Archeological sites have been found on its slopes and in the summit crater, which was possibly a prehistoric watchtower.
By elevation Volcán Licancabur is
# 13 out of 410 in Provincia de El Loa # 62 out of 10580 in Chile # 15 out of 973 in Región de Antofagasta # 25 out of 3781 in Bolivia # 4 out of 150 in Provincia Sur Lípez # 2 out of 66 in Eduardo Avaroa Andean Fauna National Reserve # 6 out of 1235 in Potosí
By prominence Volcán Licancabur is
# 10 out of 410 in Provincia de El Loa # 80 out of 10580 in Chile # 12 out of 973 in Región de Antofagasta # 19 out of 3781 in Bolivia # 1 out of 150 in Provincia Sur Lípez # 1 out of 66 in Eduardo Avaroa Andean Fauna National Reserve # 9 out of 1235 in Potosí
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