Mount Gorongosa is a mountain in Sofala Province of central Mozambique. Its highest peak, Gogogo, reaches an elevation of 1,863 meters (6,112 feet).Mount Gorongosa rises as an isolated massif from the surrounding lowlands. The mountain's outline is roughly circular, 28 km in diameter. There are three main peaks, one in the north, one in the south, and Gogogo, the highest, in the southwest. between them is a plateau that contains three valleys. The mountain is composed of granites of Late Jurassic age, ringed by gabbros on the western and southern slopes.The mountain's climate is cooler and wetter than the surrounding lowlands. Moist oceanic air masses moving in from the southeast rise up the mountain slopes and cool, and the moisture in the air condenses and falls as rain, or forms low clouds and morning mists. The windward south and east slopes receive more moisture than the north and west slopes, which are in the rain shadow of the mountain.
The cooler, wetter climate of the mountain sustains several communities of plants and animals, distinct from the surrounding lowlands. The mountain is home to montane and submontane grasslands, moist evergreen forests, dry montane forests, miombo woodlands, and ericaceous heathlands.
Mount Gorongosa's forests and grasslands are an isolated enclave of the Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic ecoregion, which is mostly found to the west in the Eastern Highlands along the Mozambique-Zimbabwe border. The Southern Miombo woodlands ecoregion surrounds the mountain at lower elevations.The upper zone of the mountain (above 700 meters) was made part of Gorongosa National Park by the Mozambican government in 2010. The main part of the park lies at a lower elevation to the east of the mountain.
By elevation Gogogo is
# 14 out of 3574 in Mozambique # 1 out of 116 in Sofala # 11 out of 278 in the Bvumba Mountains
By prominence Gogogo is
# 4 out of 3574 in Mozambique # 1 out of 116 in Sofala # 2 out of 278 in the Bvumba Mountains
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