Ampato (possibly from Quechua hamp'atu or from Aymara jamp'atu both meaning "frog") is a dormant 6,288-metre (20,630 ft) stratovolcano in the Andes of southern Peru, about 70–75 kilometres (43–47 mi) northwest of Arequipa. It is part of a north-south chain of the three volcanoes Hualca Hualca and Sabancaya, the last of which has been active in historical time.
Ampato consists of three volcanic cones, which lie on top of an older eroded volcanic edifice. They were formed sequentially by extrusion of lava flows, but Ampato has also had explosive eruptions which have deposited ash, lapilli and pumice in the surrounding landscape. One young lava flow has been dated to 17,000 ± 6,000 years before present, but a summit lava dome is even younger, and Holocene ash layers in surrounding peat bogs may testify the occurrence of recent eruptions.
The present-day volcano is covered by an ice cap, and during the last glacial maximum glaciers advanced to low altitudes. In 1995, an Inka mummy known as Mummy Juanita was discovered on Ampato by Johan Reinhard; it had been offered as a human sacrifice over six hundred years earlier on the mountain.
By elevation Ampato is
# 5 out of 2757 in Arequipa # 1 out of 802 in Caylloma # 14 out of 21468 in Peru # 22 out of 39148 in the Andes (Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela)
By prominence Ampato is
# 2 out of 2757 in Arequipa # 1 out of 802 in Caylloma # 8 out of 21468 in Peru # 26 out of 39148 in the Andes (Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela)
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